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The process of transforming information from one representation to another. Each way of representing information is called a code. (Arbib) A notion which represents the interactions of the observer, not a phenomenon operative in the observed domain. A mapping of a process that occurs in the space of autopoiesis onto a process that occurs in the space of human design (heteropoiesis) and, thus, not a reformulation of the phenomenon. (Maturana and Varela, 1979)
The process of applying a code to messages stored in one form or in one medium and thereby obtain translations, transforms or rewritten versions of the original messages in another form or in another medium. Coding is often motivated by technical necessities or convenience, e.g., in communication processes involving technology. (Krippendorff)
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