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(INFORMATICS) A (largely European) term designating the study of all information processing systems, artificial and natural, and the application of knowledge gained in such efforts to design and implement digital computers in society. In practice, informatik includes (the largely U.S.) computer science, the more application oriented efforts of management information systems, automation or production but also data processing including statistics for decision making. Because of its technological commitments, informatik has de-emphasised the study of information flows and computation within organisms and largely ignored the organisational consequences of information flows, human communication and the use of computers in large social systems. Epistemological (see epistemology) considerations which are characteristic in cybernetics are absent in informatik. (Krippendorff)
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